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  1. BIBLIOGRAPHIC AND LEARNING SUPPORT MATERIAL 0 items
    The following reading list begins with good introductory texts which you might like to see as essential reading. This is followed by a themed reading list corresponding to the lecture schedule. It may occasionally be necessary to alter the order of lectures, add something to respond to world events or to fit with students’ emerging interests. Whenever possible, articles or single chapters will be made available on Blackboard and where there is additional content students wish to explore, a folder will be set up on Blackboard for material on that topic. Students are welcome to email the module leader with any suggestions.
  2. Good Introductory Texts 10 items
    Highly Recommended
    1. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

      Book Core

    2. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

      Book Core

    3. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006

      Book Core

    4. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006 (electronic resource)

      Book Core

    5. The social movements reader: cases and concepts - Jeff Goodwin, James M. Jasper 2015

      Book Core

  3. Journals you might like to draw on 2 items
    1. Social movement studies ©2002-

      Journal Further

    2. Antipode

      Journal Further

  4. Watching 5 items
    Though not compulsory, these films may be of interest to you to support your wider understanding of social movements.
    1. Made in Dagenham (2010) Saturday, 9 Jun 2018

      Audio-visual document Further Please note you will need to sign into Box of Broadcasts via Shibboleth (your institution) in order to access this film.

    2. Land and Freedom (1995) Sunday, 28 Feb 1999

      Audio-visual document Further Please note you will need to sign into Box of Broadcasts via Shibboleth (your institution) in order to access this film.

    3. Pride (2007) Saturday, 15 Jun 2013

      Audio-visual document Further Please note you will need to sign into Box of Broadcasts via Shibboleth (your institution) in order to access this film.

    4. Suffragette (2015) Tuesday, 11 Dec 2018

      Audio-visual document Further Please note you will need to sign into Box of Broadcasts via Shibboleth (your institution) in order to access this film.

    5. Selma (2014) Sunday, 14 Oct 2018

      Audio-visual document Further Please note you will need to sign into Box of Broadcasts via Shibboleth (your institution) in order to access this film.

  5. Week 1 - Introduction to the Course 1 item
    We will spend the time outlining and exploring the main elements of the module, assignments and assessment criteria. We will go through the handbook, identify key reading and resources available on Blackboard.
  6. Week 2 - What, why, where, when and how? Social movements in theoretical and historical context 12 items
    During this session we are going to address a number of broad questions related to social movements and the study of social movement such as: the sphere(s) of society they arise in; how social movements might be defined; why social movements might be / are important; trends in how social movements have been studied; and the broader question of whether social movements are in decline or on the rise and what factors may be influential to trends.
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

        Book Core Chapter 1

      2. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Core Chpater 1

    2. Further Reading : 10 items
      1. Identity in the globalizing World1 - ZYGMUNT BAUMAN 19/01/2007

        Article Further

      2. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Chapter 1

      3. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006

        Book Further Chapter 1

      4. The Precariat - Guy Standing 11/2014

        Article Further

      5. Resources of hope: culture, democracy, socialism - Raymond Williams, Robin Gable, Robin Blackburn 1989

        Book Further Read: Williams, R. (1989) Why do I demonstrate?

      6. Resources of hope: culture, democracy, socialism | ebook - Raymond Williams, Robin Blackburn 1989 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

  7. Week 3 - Theories of Collective Behaviour 12 items
    The theory of collective behaviour seeks to explain behaviour that emerges when social rules and norms are unclear. We will explore key concepts such as 'norms', 'socialisation' or 'social systems' and see how they have been applied to the behaviour of 'crowds', 'publics', 'the masses', or 'social movements' and explore aspects of collective behaviour theory that relates particularly to functionalism.
    1. Essential Reading 1 item
      1. Contesting the New Irrational Actor Model - Alex Law, Wallace McNeish 06/2007

        Article Core

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

        Book Further Read Chapter 3

      2. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Chapter 3

      3. Digitised resources 3 items
        1. Handbook of sociology / Neil J. Smelser, editor - Neil J Smelser c1988

          Book Further Read Digitised chapter 21: McAdam, D., McCarthy, J. and Zald, M. (1988) Social movements, pp695-738 available via Online link.

        2. Handbook of sociology / Neil J. Smelser, editor - Neil J Smelser 1988, ©1988

          Book Further

        3. Classical sociological theory - Craig J. Calhoun 2012

          Book Further Digitised chapter 37 (3rd ed) Parsons, T. “An Outline of the Social System”, reprinted in Calhoun, C. et al. (eds) Classical Sociological Theory, 3rd edition, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 502-522.

      4. Social Structure and Anomie - Robert K. Merton

        Article Further Available via Online link.

      5. Classical sociological theory - Craig J. Calhoun 2012

        Book Further Merton, R. 1968. “Social Structure and Anomie”, available via JSTOR link above; [also reprinted in Calhoun, C. et al. (eds) Classical Sociological Theory, *second edition only*, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 460-470. Library has 3rd edition of this text]

      6. Theory of collective behavior - Neil J. Smelser 2018

        Book Further

  8. Week 4 – Social Conflict theory: Marxism and Class 15 items
    This section of the module will explore the continuing importance of class and labour conflicts for social movements. Will ask to what extent Marxist analyses can contribute to our understanding of social struggles.
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
      1. Social movements in times of austerity: bringing capitalism back into protest analysis - Donatella Della Porta 2015

        Book Core Read Chapters 1 and 2

      2. Social movements in times of austerity: bringing capitalism back into protest analysis - Donatella Della Porta 2015 (electronic resource)

        Book Core Read Chapters 1 and 2

    2. Further Reading: 13 items
      1. The Communist manifesto - Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Jeffrey C. Isaac, Steven Lukes c2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      2. The communist manifesto - Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels 2002

        Book Further

      3. The power elite - C. Wright Mills, Alan Wolfe c2000

        Book Further

      4. The power elite | ebook - C. Wright Mills 2000 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      5. Power, politics and people: the collected essays of C. Wright Mills - C. Wright Mills, Irving Louis Horowitz 1963

        Book Further

      6. Labour, War and World Politics - Beverly Silver 2004

        Chapter Further

      7. The Precariat - Guy Standing 11/2014

        Article Further

  9. Week 5 – Collective Behaviour 2: Symbolic Interactionism and Framing 14 items
    Symbolic interactionism played and continues to play, an important role in American sociology. We will examine the questions: Can we assert the power of individual agency in the face of social structure? How do people use symbols and how does it help us to interact?
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

        Book Core

      2. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Core

      3. Digitised resources 1 item
        1. The presentation of self in everyday life - Erving Goffman 1990

          Book Core Read Digitised chapter 2 "Teams" pp83-108, available via Online link.

    2. Further Reading: 10 items
      1. Symbolic interactionism: perspective and method - Herbert Blumer 1986

        Book Further

      2. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006

        Book Further Chapter 3

      3. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Chapter 3

      4. Social theory and modern sociology - Anthony Giddens 1987

        Book Further REad: Giddens, Anthony. 1987. “Erving Goffman as a Systematic Social Theorist.” Pp. 109-139

      5. Social theory and modern sociology | ebook - Anthony Giddens 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read: Giddens, Anthony. 1987. “Erving Goffman as a Systematic Social Theorist.” Pp. 109-139

      6. Digitised resources 1 item
        1. Nomads of the present: social movements and individual needs in contemporary society - Alberto Melucci, John Keane, Paul Mier 1989

          Book Further Read Digitised chapter 1: Melucci, A. (1989) Collective action: a constructivist view, pp17-37, available via Online link.

  10. Week 6 – Critical theory and social movements 13 items
    The term ‘Critical theory’ is associated with a group of German theorists based at the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt (dubbed the Frankfurt School) before exiling to America in 1934 after Hitler’s rise to power. This aspect of the module will find us examining their ‘pessimistic’ approach to social change and social movements in today’s ‘mass society’ and considering contemporary scholarship which is re-thinking issues of consumption and production in relation to social movements.
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
    2. Further Reading: 11 items
      1. Correspondence on the German Student Movement - Theodor Adorno and Herbert Marcuse 1999

        Article Further DCS Digitised article - click link to access full article

      2. The Authoritarian Personality - T.W Adorno 1994

        Book Further

      3. Digitised resources 3 items
        1. Social theory today - Anthony Giddens, Jonathan H. Turner 1987

          Book Further Read Digitised chapter Honneth, Axel. 1987. "Critical theory." Pp 347-382 available via Online link.

        2. Classical sociological theory - Craig J. Calhoun 2012

          Book Further Digitised ch 34 (3rd ed) Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno "The Culture Industry" pp465-477 3rd edition [pp.385-389 in 2nd edition]

        3. Classical sociological theory - Craig J. Calhoun 2012

          Book Further Digitised ch 32 (3rd ed): Max Horkheimer "Traditional and Critical Theory" pp425-440 3rd edition [pp.347-361 in 2nd edition]

      4. Eros and civilization: a philosophical inquiry into Freud - Herbert Marcuse 1969

        Book Further

      5. One dimensional man - Herbert Marcuse 1972

        Book Further

      6. Rethinking critical theory: emancipation in the age of global social movements - Larry J. Ray 1993

        Book Further Chapters 1 and 2

  11. Week 7 – 1968 + … New/ even newer social movements? 15 items
    Much work on social movements within the European context has focused upon the question of ‘new social movements’ (NSM) and of the movements (‘old social movements’) who preceded them. In this section of the module we discuss theories of new social movements that draw out the manner in which specific types of movements tend to emerge in specific types of society (e.g. industrial or post-industrial societies). Jürgen Habermas is the most significant inheritor of Critical Theory and part of the ‘second generation’ of the Frankfurt School. We will see how his work and his notions of communication and the ‘colonisation of the lifeworld’ can be applied to the theory of new social movements and to civil society. We will touch upon Melucci’s notion of ‘movements as messages’ by which he refers to the way in which a group lives out their values, not necessarily in public protest. The Squatters’ movement will be discussed for its categorisation as a radical social movement (RSM).
    1. Essential Reading 4 items
      1. Nomads of the present: social movements and individual needs in contemporary society - Alberto Melucci, John Keane, Paul Mier 1989

        Book Core Read: Melucci, A. (1989) Movements as messages -chapter 2

      2. Digitised Resources 1 item
        1. New Social Movements - J. Habermas 1981

          Article Core Digitised article available via Online link.

    2. Additional Reading 11 items
      1. Digitised resources 1 item
        1. Repertoires and cycles of collective action | New Social Movements - C. Calhoun - Mark Traugott 1995

          Book Further read Digitised chapter p173-215 "New Social Movements" of the Early Nineteenth Century / Craig Calhoun available via Online link.

      2. Challenging codes: collective action in the information age - Alberto Melucci 1996

        Book Further

      3. The voice and the eye: an analysis of social movements - Alain Touraine 1981

        Book Further

  12. On Habermas 8 items
    1. Habermas and modernity - Richard J. Bernstein 1985

      Book Further

    2. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

      Book Further Read Chapter 7

    3. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

      Book Further Read Chapter 7

    4. The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article (1964) - Jurgen Habermas, Sara Lennox, Frank Lennox 23/1974

      Article Further

  13. Week 8 – Rational Actor Theories: Resource mobilisation and political opportunity 16 items
    The chief critics of ‘collective behaviour’ approaches, at least in the first instance, advocated a ‘rational action’ approach to movements. Central to this alternative was Olson’s well-known rational choice analysis of the ‘problem of collective action’. In this element of the module we look at these criticisms and see how the two major paradigms of social movement analysis, resource mobilization and political process approaches, have resulted from this.
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Authority in contention - Daniel J. Myers, Daniel M. Cress 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book Core Read: Snow, D.A. (2015) Social movements as challenges to authority: resistance to an emerging conceptual hegemony, pp 3-25

    2. Further Reading: 13 items
      1. Making sense of social movements - Nick Crossley 2002

        Book Further Read Chapters 5 & 6

      2. Making sense of social movements | ebook - Nick Crossley 2002 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read Chapters 5 & 6

      3. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani c2006

        Book Further Read Chapters 6 & 8

      4. Social movements: an introduction - Donatella Della Porta, Mario Diani, ProQuest (Firm) c2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read Chapters 6 & 8

      5. The Blackwell companion to social movements - David A. Snow, Sarah Anne Soule, Hanspeter Kriesi, ProQuest (Firm) 2004 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read: Della Porta, D. and Fillieule, O. (2004) “Policing Social Protest” pp. 217-241.

      6. Nuts and bolts for the social sciences - Jon Elster 1989

        Book Further

      7. Nuts and bolts for the social sciences | ebook - Jon Elster 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

  14. Contemporary Work 13 items
    Much contemporary work in social movement analysis focuses upon ‘frames’, ‘political opportunity structures’, or ‘repertoires’. There has also been a move, in American scholarship, towards the notion of ‘cycles of contention’. The following readings focus upon these concepts and concerns, looking at some of the main studies to have focused upon them.
    1. Recommended Reading 2 items
      1. Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation - David A. Snow, E. Burke Rochford, Steven K. Worden, Robert D. Benford 08/1986

        Article Core

    2. Further Reading 11 items
      1. Digitised resources 1 item
        1. Frontiers in social movement theory / edited by Aldon D. Morris and Carol McClurg Mueller c1992

          Book Further Read Digitised chapter Snow, D. and Benford, R.(1992) Master Frames and Cycles of Protest, 133-55, available via Online link.

      2. Repertoires and cycles of collective action - Mark Traugott 1995

        Book Further Read: Steinberg, M.(1995) The Roar of the Crowd

      3. Repertoires and cycles of collective action - Mark Traugott 1995

        Book Further Read: Tarrow, S. (1995) Cycles of Collective Action, pp. 89-116

      4. Repertoires and cycles of collective action - Mark Traugott 1995

        Book Further Read: Traugott, M.(1995) Barricades as Repertoire, pp. 43-56

  15. Week 9 - Group Presentations 0 items
  16. Week 10 – Social Movements in a Network Society 17 items
    1. Essential Reading 2 items
    2. Further Reading 15 items
      1. Who frames the debate on the Arab uprisings? Analysis of Arabic, English, and French academic scholarship - Nada AlMaghlouth, Rigas Arvanitis, Jean-Philippe Cointet, Sari Hanafi 07/2015

        Article Further

      2. Tweets and the streets: social media and contemporary activism - Paolo Gerbaudo 2012

        Book Further

      3. Tweets and the streets: social media and contemporary activism - Paolo Gerbaudo, ProQuest (Firm) 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      4. The democracy project : a history, a crisis, a movement / David Graeber - author Graeber, David 2014

        Book Further

      5. Anti-war activism: new media and protest in the information age - Kevin Gillan, Jenny Pickerill, Frank Webster 2011

        Book Further

      6. Anti-war activism: new media and protest in the information age - Kevin Gillan, Jenny Pickerill, Frank Webster 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      7. The Arab Spring: pathways of repression and reform - Jason Brownlee, Tarek E. Masoud, Andrew Reynolds 2015

        Book Further

      8. The Arab Spring: pathways of repression and reform | ebook - Jason Brownlee, Tarek Masoud, Andrew Reynolds 2015 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      9. Why it's still kicking off everywhere: the new global revolutions - Paul Mason 2013

        Book Further A journalistic account of a range of recent movements from the Arab Spring to European and US protests. A good chapter (7) on the role of IT and a “prequel” to his broader theories on “Postcapitalism.”

      10. PostCapitalism - Paul Mason 2016

        Book Further

  17. Week 11 – Millenarianism, religion and notions of utopia in Social Movements 27 items
    In recent years there has been a resurgence of social movements whose ideology is rooted in versions of religious belief especially those which stress the idea of “the end times” and a final conflict. At the same time, the notion of utopia has crept back into scholarship and public discourse to refer to ideas of a better world/ another world, secular visions distanced from their association from fascism, Nazism and totalitarianism. Whilst some scholars have labelled some of these movements irrational, other have identified the value of apocalyptic visions to mobilise support and noted the involvement of religious groups and inclusion of religious concepts in these movement and their action. In this session we look at a variety of ways in which religion, religious groups and religious ideas have been and are involved in social movements.
    1. Essential Reading 3 items
      1. Postsecularity, Political Resistance, and Protest in the Occupy Movement - Paul Cloke, Callum Sutherland, Andrew Williams 06/2016

        Article Core

      2. Are Religious Factors Associated with Political Consumerism?An Exploratory Study - Jan LeBlanc Wicks, Shauna Morimoto, Robert H. Wicks, Stephanie Ricker Schulte 03/07/2017

        Article Core

    2. Additional Reading 24 items
      1. Millennialism and Violence / edited by Barkun, Michael 1996

        Book Further Read: Barkun M (1996) "Understanding Millennialism"

      2. Millennialism and violence | ebook - Michael Barkun 1996 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read: Barkun M (1996) "Understanding Millennialism" |

      3. Religion and the Occupy Wall Street movement - Emily B Campbell, John Torpey, Bryan S Turner 08/2015

        Article Further

      4. The social movements reader: cases and concepts 2015

        Book Further Read: Blumberg, R. (2009) The Civil Rights Movement

      5. The social movements reader: cases and concepts | ebook 2015 (electronic resource)

        Book Further Read: Blumberg, R. (2009) The Civil Rights Movement

      6. Empire - Anthony G. McGrew, Open University. United States in the Twentieth Century Course Team 2000

        Book Further

      7. Multitude: war and democracy in the age of empire - Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri 2006

        Book Further

      8. Assembly - Michael Hardt, Antonio Negri 2017

        Book Further

      9. Spaces of hope - David Harvey 2000

        Book Further

      10. The Nation of Islam : an American millenarian movement / Martha F. Lee - Martha F. (Martha Frances) Lee 1996

        Book Further

      11. The Concept of Utopia: Student edition (Ralahine Utopian Studies) - Ruth Levitas 30 Jun. 2011

        Book Further

      12. The concept of Utopia | ebook - Ruth Levitas c2010 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      13. Occupy religion: theology of the multitude - Joerg Rieger, Pui-lan Kwok, ProQuest (Firm) c2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Further

      14. Occupy religion: theology of the multitude - Joerg Rieger, Pui-lan Kwok c2013

        Book 

  18. Week 12 – Assignment 2 Focus and Guidance 0 items
  19. Week 13 - Tutorials 0 items
  20. Further Reading 38 items
    1. Resources of hope: culture, democracy, socialism - Raymond Williams, Robin Gable, Robin Blackburn 1989

      Book Further

    2. Resources of hope: culture, democracy, socialism | ebook - Raymond Williams, Robin Blackburn 1989 (electronic resource)

      Book Further

    3. For Marx - Louis Althusser 2005

      Book Further

    4. Imagined communities: reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism - Benedict R. O'G. Anderson 2016

      Book Further

    5. Liquid modernity - Zygmunt Bauman 2000

      Book Further

    6. The Blackwell Companion to Social Movements 2007 (eBook)

      Book Further

    7. Social movements in a globalizing world - Donatella Della Porta, Hanspeter Kriesi, Dieter Rucht 2009

      Book Further

    8. Ideology: an introduction - Terry Eagleton 2007

      Book Further

    9. Nations and nationalism - Ernest Gellner, John Breuilly 2008

      Book Further

    10. Social movements and social classes: the future of collective action - Louis Maheu 1995

      Book Further

    11. The German ideology: Part one - Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, C. J. Arthur c2001 (electronic resource)

      Book Further

    12. The Communist manifesto - Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Jeffrey C. Isaac, Steven Lukes c2012 (electronic resource)

      Book Further

    13. Ideology - David McLellan 1995

      Book Further

    14. NOMADS OF THE PRESENT : SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND INDIVIDUAL NEED. - ALBERTO. MELUCCI 1989

      Book Further

    15. Challenging codes: collective action in the information age - Alberto Melucci 1996

      Book Further

    16. Class struggle and social welfare - Michael Lavalette, Gerry Mooney 2000

      Book Further

    17. Ideology and the new social movements - Alan Scott 1990

      Book Further

    18. Contested knowledge: social theory today - Steven Seidman 2008

      Book Further

    19. Social movements in India: a review of the literature - Ghanshyam Shah 2004

      Book 

    20. The sociology of social change - Piotr Sztompka 1993

      Book Further

    21. The making of the English working class - E. P. Thompson 1991

      Book Further

    22. The voice and the eye: an analysis of social movements - Alain Touraine 1981

      Book Further

    23. Social movements in an organizational society - M. Zald, J. McCarthy c1987

      Book Further

    24. World-systems analysis: an introduction | ebook - Immanuel Maurice Wallerstein 2004 (electronic resource)

      Book Further

    25. Class and class conflict in industrial society - Ralf Dahrendorf 2017

      Book